Psychodynamic Therapy

NOTE: This page is for reference, definition, and information only. Wilopa Practitioners are not licensed medical personnel and do not practice the form of psychotherapy described herein.

Psychodynamic therapy, also known as psychodynamic psychotherapy, or sometimes psychoanalytic therapy, is one of the oldest theories of psychology. This approach focuses on changing problematic behaviors, feelings, and thoughts by discovering their unconscious meanings and motivations.

Psychodynamic psychotherapy, both short-term and long-term, is an effective psychotherapy. It is an evidence-based therapy and its more intensive form, psychoanalysis has been proven to be evidence-based as well.

This method discovers what events may be influencing the client’s current issues. One of the main goals of this therapy is a client’s understanding of the influence of the past on current behaviors. Whether this means looking back on dysfunctional relationships, traumas, or unresolved conflicts, the ultimate goal is to become aware and to reflect.

Psychoanalytic therapies are often characterized by a close relationship between therapist and client. Typically this therapy focuses on one specific issue, agreed upon by the client and therapist, and gives a structure and goal to the treatment.

Our version of psychodynamic therapy is neither a medical nor a clinical approach. It is a similar yet modified and enhanced holistic approach that far exceeds the capabilities and efficacy of the traditional medical counterpart.

Unraveling the Depths of the Unconscious Mind

Psychodynamic therapy is a comprehensive and time-tested approach to psychotherapy that delves into the unconscious mind to bring awareness to unresolved conflicts, emotions, and past experiences that influence present behaviors and feelings.

Rooted in the pioneering work of Sigmund Freud and further developed by various theorists, psychodynamic therapy provides a unique lens through which individuals can gain profound insights into their inner world, fostering self-awareness, growth, and healing.

Understanding Psychodynamic Therapy

Psychodynamic therapy is based on the fundamental belief that unconscious mental processes significantly impact our thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. It traces its origins to Sigmund Freud’s groundbreaking theories, particularly the concepts of the unconscious mind, defense mechanisms, and the importance of early life experiences in shaping one’s personality. Over time, other theorists, such as Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, and Melanie Klein, contributed to the development and expansion of psychodynamic concepts.

Key Principles of Psychodynamic Therapy

  1. Subconscious Mind: The psychodynamic approach posits that a significant portion of our mental activity takes place in the subconscious mind often referred to as the unconscious mind), which contains repressed thoughts, emotions, and memories that influence our conscious experiences.
  2. Early Childhood Experiences: Psychodynamic therapists believe that early life experiences, particularly interactions with caregivers, play a crucial role in shaping an individual’s personality, coping mechanisms, and attachment patterns.
  3. Defense Mechanisms: Individuals develop defense mechanisms to protect themselves from anxiety, discomfort, or emotional pain. Psychodynamic therapy aims to identify and address these defense mechanisms to access deeper emotions and underlying conflicts.

Techniques in Psychodynamic Therapy

Psychodynamic therapy employs various techniques to explore the unconscious and facilitate healing:

  1. Free Association: Clients are encouraged to speak freely without censoring their thoughts or feelings, allowing the therapist to observe recurring themes and gain insight into the client’s unconscious processes.
  2. Dream Analysis: Dreams are seen as expressions of unconscious desires, fears, and conflicts. Therapists analyze dream content to gain a deeper understanding of the client’s inner world.
  3. Interpretation: Therapists interpret unconscious thoughts, feelings, and conflicts, helping clients gain insight into their motivations and behaviors.
  4. Transference Analysis: The therapist explores the client’s feelings and reactions toward them to shed light on unresolved issues from the client’s past.

Benefits of Psychodynamic Therapy

Psychodynamic therapy offers numerous benefits for individuals seeking self-discovery and personal growth:

  1. Increased Self-Awareness: By exploring unconscious processes, clients gain insight into their emotions, motivations, and behavioral patterns.
  2. Resolution of Emotional Conflicts: Unresolved conflicts from the past are brought to light and addressed, leading to emotional resolution and healing.
  3. Improved Interpersonal Relationships: Understanding one’s interpersonal patterns allows for healthier and more fulfilling relationships.
  4. Long-Lasting Change: Psychodynamic therapy aims for lasting transformation by addressing deep-seated issues at their roots.


Psychodynamic therapy stands as a powerful and enduring approach to psychotherapy, unveiling the depths of the unconscious mind and offering profound insights into the human psyche. By exploring early life experiences, unconscious emotions, and defense mechanisms, psychodynamic therapy provides a pathway to self-awareness, personal growth, and emotional healing.

As individuals embark on their journey within the realm of the subconscious, guided by skilled psychodynamic therapists, they may discover a profound transformation, unlocking the potential for a more authentic, fulfilling, and harmonious existence.